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The Welsh Guards were created in 1915 by Royal Warrant of King George V. Earl Kitchener, the Secretary of War, was ordered to raise the regiment – whose Welsh motto ‘Cymru am Byth’ means ‘Wales Forever’.

During the Great War the Welsh Guards received 20 battle honours and one Victorian Cross. Their first battle was at Loos, France, on 27 September 1915. About 860 Welsh Guards lost their lives during the war.

These records contain 4,060 names of officers who served with the Welsh Guards, and nominal rolls of Warrant Officers and NCOs (Non-commissioned officers). The amount of detail varies, but the records usually list a soldier’s name, number, place of birth, date of joining, rank on joining, former rank and regiment, casualty record and awards.