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Naturalization is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country. The New England Naturalizations 1791-1906 were filed at various courts throughout the six states of New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. These northeastern states have been popular destinations for immigration and settlement since colonial times due to the rich and expansive farmlands and large towns and cities such Boston, Providence and Hartford.

The 635,867 records in this collection contain a variety of applicant details such as name, address, country and date of birth, date and place of arrival in the U.S., date of naturalization, the names and addresses of any witnesses, and the certificate number and the title and location of the court.